The screening on Wednesday 28 March will be introduced by Jerzy Skolimowski
Jeremy Thomas on ‘The Shout’
I came back to England via a short stay in America, and a friend called Michael Austin, who has since written screenplays for Fred Zinnemann and the script of Greystoke, wanted to make a film of a short story, ‘The Shout’, by Robert Graves. It was my idea to have Skolimowski direct. I loved Deep End, and I thought he was just the person to make this film fascinating. I had great support from John Terry at the National Film Finance Corporation, who was right behind it. The production was very confined, it was shot in six weeks on location in North Devon. It was a lovely summer, with short working days and no disasters. But the film had the same quality as Deep End, of somebody in a foreign land. I thought, here’s the most English of stories, set at a cricket match, and in the hands of an English director you’d run the risk of something that is not cinema, just a cricket match and a story being told. Skolimowski, I thought, would bring something extraordinary to the film, and I’m very happy with what he did.
Interview by Richard Combs, Monthly Film Bulletin, May 1983
Jerzy Skolimowski on ‘The Shout’
What attracted you to the story?
The ambiguity, and the sense of the absurd. I think we are surrounded by ambiguity; double meanings can be seen in everything. Remember, I started as a poet, I published three books of poetry, my mind was trained along the path of poetic associations. So I’m not afraid to wander away from direct narrative, and I feel safe with a story that tempts you both to believe and to disbelieve.
As for absurdity, there again, it is all around us – I’m just exploring my own recognitions of whatever one can get in touch with. Who’s more absurd: Bates, or the world around him? Is he a mental patient because he is not normal? How do you tell whether a tree is ‘normal’ or not?
Did you make many changes to the text?
The ﬁrst development of the script was by Michael Austin, and I liked this ﬁrst draft enough to drop everything else. Then I worked on it for three weeks in between casting and location hunting, and wrote my own version. In the Graves story it’s not a duel between two men, it’s just the account of a man who shouts and kills with the shout. Bang, and that’s it. Graves says the husband is a composer, but he doesn’t go any further. The ﬁlm has to show what kind of instruments he uses, so I did put a lot of work into building up that part and I have to take responsibility for the John Hurt character. I also invented the cobbler’s wife, the girl the husband is interested in.
Are the aboriginal references part of the original story?
The sharpened death-bone and the soul-stones, yes. I didn’t research them. I felt that Robert Graves was sufﬁcient authority! I understand that these same things are part of the story of The Last Wave, which I haven’t seen. It’s an odd coincidence, but it would imply that back in 1926 Graves was right about the aborigines. Maybe he was right about the shout as well.
I know you say that you like to shoot very fast, in effect to create the ﬁlm as you go along. But to what extent did you improvise The Shout? It gives the impression of being very precisely shaped.
I’m surprised at that, because the pattern of working was actually very chaotic. There are some ﬁlms where one can feel a little bit jealous that one wasn’t involved, not necessarily as a director but it would have been nice to be co-author or an actor in a supporting role, or anything. It must have been good to be there; it would have been a great creative atmosphere. I feel that One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest was like that, and I believe we were able to create this kind of atmosphere during The Shout. It wasn’t coolly calculated, it erupted like a kind of volcano.
At the same time, your introduction of the ‘death shout’ itself must have taken careful planning…
Yes, this was where I used the Dolby system; it had to be applied just at the right moment so that we would be hearing something special. The shock of the sound is not a question of loudness or richness – it is sudden and it is complex, because the human voice is helped on 40 or more tracks by all the things that came into my mind that might be helpful, the Niagara Falls, the launching of the Moon rocket, everything. But over the top is the real human voice of a man shouting like hell.
What makes the shouting sequence so effective is that there are so many surprising camera angles around Bates as he shouts, and the posture he presents is really just as horrifying as the sound itself.
I must say we had the most difficult conditions to shoot this scene, on top of the dunes on a very windy day. I placed Bates facing the wind but leaning over backwards, so that he had to ﬁght against the wind to come forwards, and already the physical effort was pretty strong. We had to stop him with a rail from pushing past the focus point, so all the elements of ﬁght were there. It was very painful for Alan, his mouth was full of sand – but this was a way to achieve something really expressionistic and natural without special effects.
Do you see the Bates ﬁgure in a sympathetic light, do you admire what he represents, or do you regard him as an intruder?
Well, obviously I’d prefer not to be the husband. I’d prefer to be the man, Crossley, but I see the negative side of him as well and I show this. He’s not a likeable character. So the answer is that none of the characters is closest to me – I try to be a little bit of each one. I both like and dislike them.
Interview by Philip Strick, Sight and Sound, Summer 1978
Directed by: Jerzy Skolimowski
©: National Film Trustee Company Ltd.
A Recorded Picture Company production
For: National Film Finance Corporation
Presented by: The Rank Organisation
Produced by: Jeremy Thomas
Associate Producer: Michael Austin
Production Manager: Joyce Herlihy
Accountant: Tony Hedges
Project Development: Peter Van Praagh
Production Assistant: Jane Moscrop
Producer’s Secretary: Sevilla Delofski
1st Assistant Director: Kip Gowans
2nd Assistant Director: Arnold Schulkes
3rd Assistant Director: Peter Waller
Continuity: Ann Skinner
Casting Directors: Mary Selway, Patsie Pollock
Screenplay by: Michael Austin, Jerzy Skolimowski
Based on the story by: Robert Graves
Director of Photography: Mike Molloy
Camera Operator: Laurie Frost
Focus Puller: Eamonn O’Keefe
Loader: Peter Biddle
Gaffer: Edward Cross
Electricians: Terence Potter, David Hughes
Generator Operator: William Thornhill
Camera Grip: Peter Butler
Stagehand: Chunky Huse
Stillsman: David Farrell
Editor: Barrie Vince
Assistant Editors: Michael Saxton, Tim Jordan, William Diver, Sara Jolly
Art Director: Simon Holland
Assistant Art Director: Keith Pain
Props: John Leunberger, Bobby Hedges
Carpenter: Peter Verrard
Painter: John Davey
Wardrobe: David Paddon
Make-up: Wally Schneiderman
Hairdresser: Betty Glasow
Processed by: Rank Film Laboratories
Theme & Incidental Music: Anthony Banks, Michael Rutherford
Electronics: Rupert Hine
Sound Mixer: Tony Jackson
Sound Maintenance: Michael Basset
Boom Operator: John Ralph
Dubbing Mixer: Gordon K. McCallum
Sound Editor: Alan Bell
Dialogue Editor: Michael Crouch
Publicity Director: Dennis Davidson
Photographed entirely on location in North Devon and completed at: Pinewood Studios
Alan Bates (Charles Crossley)
Susannah York (Rachel Fielding)
John Hurt (Anthony Fielding)
Robert Stephens (chief medical officer)
Tim Curry (Robert Graves)
Julian Hough (vicar)
Carol Drinkwater (cobbler’s wife)
John Rees (inspector)
Jim Broadbent (asylum fielder)
Susan Wooldridge (Harriet)
Nick Stringer (cobbler)
OUTSIDERS AND EXILES: THE FILMS OF JERZY SKOLIMOWSKI
Jerzy Skolimowski in Conversation
Tue 28 March 18:30
Tue 28 March 20:45 (+ intro by Jerzy Skolimowski); Wed 5 Apr 20:55; Fri 28 Apr 18:30
Wed 29 Mar 18:20 (+ Q&A with Jerzy Skolimowski); Sat 8 Apr 18:10
Wed 29 Mar 20:45 (+ intro by Jerzy Skolimowski); Sun 9 Apr 13:00; Sat 15 Apr 18:20
Hands Up! (Reçe do góry)
Fri 31 Mar 20:45; Mon 10 Apr 15:40
Sat 1 Apr 18:20; Tue 4 Apr 20:50 (+ intro by season curator Michael Brooke)
Sat 1 Apr 20:50; Wed 5 Apr 18:20; Fri 21 Apr 20:50; Sat 22 Apr 18:20; Thu 27 Apr 20:45
Dialogue 20-40-60 (Dialóg 20-40-60)
Sun 2 Apr 12:30; Sat 15 Apr 20:45
Sun 2 Apr 15:40; Mon 10 Apr 18:30; Wed 19 Apr 20:55
Sun 2 Apr 18:30; Mon 17 Apr 20:40
Identification Marks: None (Rysopis)
Mon 3 Apr 21:00; Sun 9 Apr 18:40
Outsider and Exile
Tue 4 Apr 18:15
Sat 8 Apr 12:15; Fri 14 Apr 20:40
11 Minutes (11 minut)
Sun 16 Apr 12:30; Sat 29 Apr 20:30
Four Nights with Anna (Cztery noce z Anna)
Sun 23 Apr 12:40; Fri 28 Apr 20:50
Sun 23 Apr 18:40; Sat 29 Apr 14:40
In cultural partnership with
9 Mar-27 Apr kinoteka.org.uk
Proud partners of the BFI’s Jerzy Skolimowski season. Show valid BFI ticket and enjoy 20% off your bill at Mamuśka!
EO will be available on BFI DVD and Blu-ray from 3 April (available to pre-order at the BFI shop)
Identification Marks: None and Hands Up! will be available on a 2-disc BFI Blu-ray from 24 April
Walkover and Barrier will be released on Blu-ray by Second Run later this year
SIGHT AND SOUND
Never miss an issue with Sight and Sound, the BFI’s internationally renowned film magazine. Subscribe from just £25*
*Price based on a 6-month print subscription (UK only). More info: sightandsoundsubs.bfi.org.uk
Welcome to the home of great film and TV, with three cinemas and a studio, a world-class library, regular exhibitions and a pioneering Mediatheque with 1000s of free titles for you to explore. Browse special-edition merchandise in the BFI Shop.We're also pleased to offer you a unique new space, the BFI Riverfront – with unrivalled riverside views of Waterloo Bridge and beyond, a delicious seasonal menu, plus a stylish balcony bar for cocktails or special events. Come and enjoy a pre-cinema dinner or a drink on the balcony as the sun goes down.
BECOME A BFI MEMBER
Enjoy a great package of film benefits including priority booking at BFI Southbank and BFI Festivals. Join today at bfi.org.uk/join
We are always open online on BFI Player where you can watch the best new, cult & classic cinema on demand. Showcasing hand-picked landmark British and independent titles, films are available to watch in three distinct ways: Subscription, Rentals & Free to view.
See something different today on player.bfi.org.uk
Join the BFI mailing list for regular programme updates. Not yet registered? Create a new account at www.bfi.org.uk/signup
Programme notes and credits compiled by the BFI Documentation Unit
Notes may be edited or abridged
Questions/comments? Contact the Programme Notes team by email